Osteoarthritis has reportedly become more common over the past years, demonstrating a substantial increase in prevalence among American adults between 1995 and 2005, according to government statistics reports. The condition often occurs as a result of cartilage breakdown, causing bones to rub against each other and eventually damaging tissue and bone. Patients with osteoarthritis usually endure symptoms of pain, swelling, stiffness, or tenderness in the hip joint, and experience reduced range of motion and flexibility.
Individuals who may have been diagnosed with the debilitating joint disease may still make an effort to inhibit its progress through seeking proper and prompt treatment, health experts say. The following are some of the treatment options commonly utilized to help reduce pain and maintain joint movement in patients.
A variety of medications may help alleviate osteoarthritis symptoms. These may include over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which could ease mild inflammation and reduce pain, medical experts say. Some patients, especially those whose osteoarthritis may have progressed, may also be prescribed with stronger, narcotic pain medications.
Health experts point out that alongside other treatment options, physical therapy plays a vital role in easing pain and improving joint function in individuals with osteoarthritis. In combination with other treatments, osteoarthritis patients may be advised to seek the assistance of a professional therapist who could guide them through performing exercises designed to boost strength and increase range of motion. Such exercises may include stretching techniques, cycling, swimming, water aerobics, or other low-impact physical activities.
Total Hip Replacement
Hip replacement surgery is a procedure in which a surgeon removes a patient’s damaged joint and subsequently replaces it with a prosthesis, as defined by medical journals. While the procedure is generally safe, medical experts highlight that total hip replacement may still be accompanied with certain risks. Most patients who go through the procedure report good outcome although complications during or after hip replacement surgery, including blood clots or infections, may still occur.
Newer, all-metal hip replacement implants used in total hip replacement, such as DePuy’s ASR hip devices and other similar metal-on-metal hip products, have also been reportedly linked to a string of adverse effects, including metal toxicity and soft tissue damage. Such device-related problems have been the subject of numerous studies and thousands of DePuy ASR hip lawsuits filed in various courts across the US. In view of the potential risks, federal medical device regulators encourage patients to take a cautious mindset by weighing the benefits and possible risks linked to their hip implant with their performing surgeon prior to undergoing hip replacement surgery.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among older men, health care providers say, emphasizing that its excision needs to be completed for the treatment to be successful. The new cases of prostate cancer in the United States in 2013 chalked up about 238,590 — with death toll rising to 29,720 during the first six months of the year, according to the National Cancer Institute. Most men who have this health problem opt for a prostatectomy to have the cancer removed from their system and now they may choose to undergo the robotic-assisted removal of the prostate gland. However, the use of this surgical innovation remains under strict observation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
The use of surgical method for the management of prostatic cancer is meant to prevent the malignancy from spreading into other parts of the body. Tumors may also affect or undermine normal blood flow and other important bodily functions; thus, it may be vital to remove it before it causes complications. Surgeons normally perform the procedure using the minimally invasive procedure through laparoscopic surgery and more recently the robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery. Some patients are not advised to undergo the procedure because they are at risk of cardiac and pulmonary complications because of the anesthesia.
Robot assistants in operating rooms are able to help surgeons perform the operation with precision as it prevents mistakes caused by unsteady hand movements. The robotic instruments that used are designed to move like the human wrist with seven degree of freedom. The visuals provided by the camera also give better view for the surgeon with more than 10 times the magnification. Surgeons may also choose to scale down their movements for a more accurate movement. Patients may be able to get back to their normal activities after the operation faster. There is less blood loss and faster healing as less muscles are being dissected.
However, there have been reports pointing to the problems in using this high-end technology. With all the benefits of the technology, there is little difference seen among patients who have undergone the regular laparoscopic surgery and the robotic-assisted prostatectomy. More information about the Da Vinci surgical system here.
Joint diseases, particularly osteoarthritis, have been identified as the main cause of movement limitation and disability among Americans. It is estimated that around 50 million people are suffering from these conditions and this expected to increase as more people advance in age. These conditions have also been the number reason for most hip replacement surgeries.
While many patients may have resumed their previous quality of life with total hip replacement, taking this option is really a big decision. A lot of factors must be considered before deciding to have that life-changing surgical procedure.
Even if the doctor may recommend hip replacement surgery, the patient has to weigh the risks and benefits of such a procedure. Very important in making that big decision is consider how much the disease hurts and how it is affecting the patient’s quality of life.
Indications that it may be best to have that surgery may include the following:
1. You are no longer able to perform routine daily activities such as dressing, eating, and going to the toilet without assistance.
2. You are experiencing pain that keeps you awake during nights, does not ease with medications, and pain that keeps you from making any movements.
3. Your pain does not seem to improve with conservative methods of treatments and you doctor believes that less-complicated operations may not be enough to address your condition.
4. Your condition has advanced to a stage where damage to the joints is extensive and is affecting your life physically, emotionally, and mentally.
According to a new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, women may be more at risk to experience hip replacement failure. This is one of the reasons why recipients of these hip implants are filing lawsuits against some of the orthopedic companies, for instance, Stryker hip recall lawsuit.
The study which was funded by the Food and Drug Administration found that women are 29 percent more likely to have a revision hip surgery to correct the adverse effects of metal-on-metal hip implants.
There were almost 35,000 patients who participated in the study and they all had undergone a hip replacement operation. Dr. Art Sedrakyan, co-author of the study suggested that women may be at higher risk from all these failing implants due to the fact that women’s physical anatomy requires them to have smaller hip implant devices which are prone to dislocate and wear.
The FDA said that the metal fragments from these all-metal hip implant devices may harm the soft tissue near the implant. This condition is known as metallosis. It is considered dangerous as it may seep into the bloodstream and may damage other body organs.